Today's question comes from Maria in Michigan. She asks, "I would like to know if I file for head of household can I claim medical expenses for my 19 year old daughter even though she will have her own taxes to file?"
The head of household filing status means that you are unmarried and can claim at least one dependent on your tax return.
The crucial question will be whether your 19-year old daughter qualifies as your dependent.
- Is your daughter a full-time college student? (If no, she cannot be claimed as a dependent under the new "qualifying child" definition of a dependent.)
- Did your daughter earn more than $3,200? (If yes, she cannot be claimed as a dependent under the new "qualifying relative" definition of a dependent.)
While this is not an exhaustive list of questions, I think this pretty much identifies the crucial factors in your particular situation.
If you can claim your daughter as a dependent, and you are unmarried, then you can claim the head of household filing status and itemize all her medical expenses on your tax return. If you cannot claim her, then you would not be able to deduct those expenses.