The maximum amount a person can contribute to his or her is set each year by the IRS after taking inflation into account. For the year 2014, people can contribute up to $17,500 as an elective deferral to their employer's 403(b) plan. Additionally, if you are age 50 or older, you can contribute an additional catch-up contribution of $5,500.
403(b) Contribution Limits by Year
- For 2014: $17,500 ($23,000 if age 50 or older)
- For 2013: $17,500 ($23,000 if age 50 or older)
- For 2012: $17,000 ($22,500 if age 50 or older)
- For 2011: $16,500 ($22,000 if age 50 or older)
- For 2010: $16,500 ($22,000 if age 50 or older)
- For 2009: $16,500 ($22,000 if age 50 or older)
For people who plan to contribute the maximum allowed, it may be easiest to break the annual limit into equal dollar amounts per pay period. That way, you'll be saving the same amount each pay period and will be dollar-cost-averaging into your retirement investments. You can do this by taking your annual contribution amount and dividing by the number of pay periods during the year.
Elective deferrals are treated separately from the employer's matching contributions, each with its own limits and tax treatment. Elective salary deferrals can be placed into a tax-deferred traditional 403(b) or into a post-tax Roth 403(b) account, or a combination of traditional and Roth as long as the total of all salary deferrals are equal to or less than the annual maximum. Matching contributions from the employer are limited to 25% of your salary. Matching funds are always contributed to the tax-deferred portion of your 403(b) plan. The total of your elective salary deferral plus employer matching contributions is limited to $52,000 for 2014.